Ruing that their business has virtually come to a standstill post currency ban, traders in Gujarat have sought intervention of the Centre, the state and RBI to tide over the liquidity shortage.
The Gujarat chapter of the Confederation of All India Traders (CAIT) has said Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupani and RBI should intervene more to resolve the issue of cash crunch.
“Traders have been forced to shut down their business following the government’s surprise move to demonetise high-value currency notes, which has resulted in a shortage of valid bank bills,” Pramod Bhagat, President of Gujarat chapter of CAIT, said.
Situation is becoming “grim day by day” as traders are facing liquidity squeeze due to restrictions on withdrawals of cash from their bank accounts.
“Also, traders want limits on withdrawal from the current account to be lifted. The shortage of Rs 50 and Rs 100 notes is also hurting their business,” he said. “We cannot do much business with a weekly withdrawal limit of Rs 50,000 from current account and monthly limit of Rs 2 lakh. This amount is not enough to meet our basic monthly expenses like rent, wages and daily incidental expenses.”
Nilesh Shukla, President of the Vadodara Chamber of Commerce and Industries (VCCI), claimed that lack of required cash is affecting over 18,000 small-scale industrial units in the city, Gujarat’s commercial hub.
Naranbhai Rathwa, Congress leader and a former Union minister said Agricultural Produce Market Committee-run yards in Chhotaudepur district had to remain mostly closed after the scrapping of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 notes, which has led to shortage of low-denomination currencies.
The Centre’s demonetisation move has hit various businesses, with some seeing a drop of nearly 50 per cent in sales, according to experts.
“Not only the businesses in the financial capital Mumbai and neighbouring Navi Mumbai and Thane, there is steep drop of 50 per cent in all businesses of fruits, vegetable, food grains, dry fruits due the cash flow crisis,” said Sanjay Pansare, a fruit trader and former director of Navi Mumbai APMC, the biggest wholesale market of the state.
“Vegetables are perishing. We are unable to pay cash to truckers who normally charge up to Rs 1 lakh for transporting apples from Kashmir to Mumbai and they are not accepting cheque. Earlier, we would get 325 trucks of fruits everyday which has reduced to 175 trucks per day.”
Not just wholesalers, but retailers and small traders are facing taxing times though they are still supportive of the government’s demonetisation move. Mohammad Bollar, who runs a small shop of leather products in Fort of South Mumbai, said, “No matter our daily business has shrunk up to 25 per cent, the most important thing is this will subsequently clean the market and in coming days, customers would have market of fair pricing.”
Chamber of Associations of Maharashtra Industry and Trade (CAMIT) Chairman Mohan Gurnani said, “The business and other transaction has been reduced up to 50 per cent. Transactions from food grains to metals are very low… I think it would take another one week to get everything streamlined.”
According to Federation of Associations of Maharashtra (FAM), the Mumbai-based organisation of 750 small-scale and trade and service providers associations, “the panic is going to be there” for one or two months, but it would turn out to be a game-changer in future. FAM president Vinesh Mehta said, “This pragmatic step is creating a sense of panic among the public, that is why every transaction and business has gone down 20 per cent or more. But it is more important that when this phase gets over, entire country would reap the benefit out of it.”
According to a dealer at Manish market in South Mumbai, people are facing difficulties in getting money for marriages and other occasions, sale of old items at online marketplaces has reduced to 10 per cent of what it was earlier even as the sale of digital instruments, including mobile phones, has also been hit hard since November 9.
To reach out to unbanked villages, private lender Banks has deployed mobile branches in Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Odisha to help customers meet their daily financial needs conveniently, post demonetisation.
“The deployment of the mobile branches is yet another step by the bank to expand its reach to villages which are devoid of banking facilities. The mobile branches are catering to over 25,000 rural customers, helping them meet their daily financial needs in a convenient manner,” ICICI Bank MD and CEO Chanda Kochhar said.
“This initiative is in line with the bank’s commitment to extending banking services to the remote locations of the country.” Taking the nation by surprise, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on November 8 announced the demonetisation of Rs 1,000 and Rs 500 notes, making these notes invalid in a major assault on black money, fake currency and corruption.
Since November 9, ICICI Bank has deployed mobile branches across 21 villages in Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Odisha. Over 90 per cent of the villages are unbanked.
These mobile branches offer a wide range of banking products and services such as savings accounts, loans, cash deposit/withdrawal, account balance enquiries, statement printing and fund transfer, among others.
FPI outflows at $ 5-bn in November on demonetisation drive
Foreign investors have pulled out close to USD 5 billion from the capital markets in November so far amid concerns over the impact of demonetisation coupled with fears of rate hike by the US Federal Reserve. FPI is a grouping of assets such as stocks, bonds, and cash equivalents. Portfolio investments are held directly by an investor or managed by financial professionals.
Net withdrawal by FPIs from equities stood at Rs 15,763 crore during November 1-25, while the same from the debt market was Rs 16,154 crore during the period under review, translating into total outflow of Rs 31,917 crore (USD 4.7 billion), according to exchange data.
Foreign portfolio investor (FPI) outflows come following withdrawal of more than Rs 10,306 crore on net basis from the capital markets (equity and debt) last month. Prior to that, the equity market had witnessed inflows of over Rs 20,000 crore.
This year so far, FPIs have invested a net sum of Rs 37,146 crore in stocks while they pulled out Rs 13,278 crore from the debt market, resulting in combined net inflow of Rs 23,868 crore.
Domestic cash crunch following demonetisation drive to curb black money sparked intense selling pressure.
“The pull out by FPIs started in October 2016, on uncertainty over US election results and was felt across emerging markets.
“This was further exasperated in November due to several factors -the uncertainty over US ties with the emerging markets, post Trump victory, the near term impact on corporate earnings, and economic growth from demonetisation in the near term and impact of GST on companies’ near term cash flows,” FundsIndia.com COO Head of Mutual Fund Research Vidya Bala said.
“In the debt market, FPIs have been net sellers in seven out of 11 months thus far. The rally in the Indian government securities and the decreasing spread between US interest rates and India could be a reason; FPIs book profits in the gilt rally in India,” she added.
Recently, US Federal Reserve chief Janet Yellen reiterated that the central bank may hike interest rates “relatively soon”, which made investors more anxious.
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